Reading Music

A Staff consists of five (5) lines where Notes are written.

Two (2) additional partial horizontal lines can be written above the normal staff to represent higher notes.

At the far left side of the Staff is a Clef.

There are two (2) common clefs, the Treble Clef   and the Base Clef  

The Clef is a symbol at the beginning of the Staff defining the Pitch of the notes found in that particular staff.

Each note is named with a letter.

Notes

High C sits in the top partial line, essentially the seventh line.
High B is below High C and sits between the seventh and sixth lines.
High A sits in the first top partial line above the fifth, essentially the sixth line.
High G is below High A and sits between the sixth and fifth lines.

The next notes are within the five lines of the staff.

FEDC

BAGF

EDC

A Bar is a vertical line on the staff. A Measure is the area between two bars on a staff. A measure is sometimes called a bar so that a bar can be the vertical line on a staff or the area between two bars.

The Time Signature is a numeric notation written on the staff immediately to the right of the clef. The top number indicates the number of beats to a measure and the bottom number indicates the kind of notes. 4/4 is four (4) quarter notes per measure. The top number is the number of notes per measure while the bottom number represents the kind of note.

Sheet Music is the written representation of music in graphic form.

1 Whole note
2 Half note
4 Quarter note
8 Eighth note
16 Sixteenth note

Common Time symbol is represented as the letter C. The Cut Time symbol is represented as the letter C with a vertical line through the C.

One Full Note takes up one measure. It is represented with a symbol that resembles a hollow egg on its side.

A Half Note take up half a measure. Two Half Notes take up a full measure or one bar. A Half Note has a vertical tail line attached to it. The Half Note symbol is open.

The Quarter Note takes up a quarter of a measure. Four (4) Quarter notes take up a full measure or one bar. A Quarter Note has a vertical tail line attached to it. The Quarter note is filled in and is represented as one solid color.

The Eighth Note takes up an eighth of a measure. Eight (8) Eighth Notes take up a full measure or one bar. An Eighth Note has a vertical tail line attached to it. However, the end of the tails on eighth notes are linked together with a Curly off the lines. Eight notes can be connected into groups of four (4) , three (3) or two (2). A symbol similar to the number 7 represents one Eighth Note.

The Sixteenth Note takes up an sixteenth of a measure. Sixteen (16) Sixteeth Notes take up a full measure or one bar. An Sixteeth Note has a vertical tail line attached to it. However, the end of the tails on sixteenth notes are linked together with a Double Curly off the lines. Sixteeth notes can be connected into groups of four (4) , three (3) or two (2). A symbol similar to the number 7 with an additional horizontal line to the left represents one Sixteenth. Note.

There is a corresponding Rest for each note. No tone is played during a rest. A Rest for a full Note is represented as a small hockey puck attached to a line facing downwards.A Rest for a Half Note is represented as a small hockey puck attached to a line facing upwards. A Rest for a Quarter Note is represented as a vertical squiggly line going across several lines of a staff. A Rest for an Eight Note is represented as a slanted vertical line with a dot to the top left. A Rest for an Sixteenth Note is represented as a slanted vertical line with two dots to the top left.

The Plus Sign ( + ) means the word " and ". In 4/4 timing, the 1 and the "and" are both half of one quarter note and together they form 1 quarter note.

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